What steps to take during a car accident

A car accident can be really stressful. Imagine that seconds ago, you were involved in a sudden car accident . In the midst of panic, fear, and high emotions its understandable that you’re unable to think clearly.

But what should you do if you find youself in a car accident? There are important things you should do at the scene of the accident and afterward.

Below are steps you should take immediately after an accident.

1. Make sure you are not injured.

Before you even consider moving, you should make sure you are not injured. in case of serious injury, call 911 immediately.

2. Check on your passengers.

Check on your passengers to make sureeverybody is okay. If anyone is injured, call for help or ask for emergency
services.

If all of you are okay, exit the car and wait for medical andemergency personnel to assess whether you are completely okay. If a person is unconscious, don’t move them until qualified help arrives on the scene.

3. Stay on the scene.

Do not leave the accident scene until you are allowed to do so.You risk criminal charges especially if the person involved sustained injuries or was killed.

Wait for authorities to arrive at the scene of the accident andexplain to them in details exactly what happened. An investigation will be carried out to determine who was at fault. If you flee, you stand being a fugitive for being a hit and run driver.

4. Take photos of the scene.

Taking photos will help to recall the overall situation and general details of the accident. It’s wise to take images of the scene, including pictures of all the cars involved, license plates and street view.

These pictures can be helpful especially if the accident was notyour fault. Pictures also help the insurance company determine how much you should be compensated for the damage to your car. You should collect as much information as you can to provide evidence where necessary.

5. Inform your insurance company.

Immediately inform your insurance company after you’ve been involved in an accident. Explain how the accident occurred and keep all the facts clear. Don’t lie about anything, lying to the insurance company can get you into serious trouble including denial of coverage. Try not to admit to being guilty.

6. Exchange information.

Get all the information concerning the accident including phone numbers, license plate numbers, basic insurance information and driver’s license information of all the drivers involved.

If passengers were involved, also obtain their informationincluding names and phone numbers. Make sure you have all the basic information needed in case of further investigations.

7. Get a lawsuit and hire car accident lawyers

You can sue the other party for endangering your life if the person caused the accident by being careless and thoughtless.

Drivers must be careful not to injure other drivers, if the driver is not careful enough he or she is liable for injuring the victim in the accident.

If you are the victim and you can prove that the other driver was negligent, you can file for a lawsuit.

The prison industrial complex in the United States

There are millions of prisoners worldwide, but did you know the United States alone accounts for the 25% of the world’s total prisoners? People say that some people belong in prison, but some get sent to for very rivial’ and stupid offenses.

What is prison Industrial Complex?

It is an American phenomenon in which Prisons are being privatized and set up for profits. The Prison Industrial Complex has been a trending Issue over the past Decades.

This normally happens when the Federal government hands over the management of some of their prisons to Private Corporations. These Corporations then operate and run these prisons at a profit. There is a lot of political influence involved in the management; as a result, there is a lot of influence in passing legislation laws in favor of these Corporations.

As you can guess, this has corrupted the prison Climate–Prisons are no longer run in the specified manner. It is now breeding the criminal organizations and sending thousands of Innocent lives to their deaths.

A brief history of Prison Industrial Complex

The initiation of the Prison Industrial Enhancement Certification Program (PIECP) in 1979 allowed the inmates to earn wages from private sector jobs that go towards victim compensation, tax deductions, and family support. This was aimed at motivating the government to create the employment that would mimic private sector work and generate services that would ensure the contribution of Inmates to the Society.

The prison industry recorded an increase in profits from 391 million dollars to 1.31 billion dollars.

Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) was founded in 1984, in Houston Texas with a goal of creating partnerships with correctional facilities through substitution of government shortcomings with better solutions. It is today known as CoreCivic and manages over 65 correctional facilities and brings a revenue exceeding $1.7 billion.

Wackenhut corrections programs (WCC) today recognized as Geo Group, was established in 1988. It is currently the second biggest managing at least 70 correctional facilities.

The Violent Crime Control Act and Enforcement Control Act were passed in 1994 by President Bill Clinton. The Act directly allocated increased funding of $9.7 billion to prisons. It also increased the effects of mass incarceration and increased the profit margins of private Specialize Corporations such as Geo Group and CCA.
Over 1.5 million people were incarcerated in 1995 only, an increase from 949 000 inmates in 1993.

Obama administration stepped in and issued an Executive Policy which reduced the number of Private-federal Prison contracts but was reversed with Trumps Presidency.

Today there’s much-increased immigration enforcement and even harsher sentences.
Privatization has been met with many criticisms and has been accused to increase incarceration in order to increase profits.

Prison business today is among the most lucrative

Financial investment companies have noticed the large amount being raked by CCA and are now among the largest investor in private prisons. The prison business is no doubt a lucrative business.

Some financial investments which have invested in this sector include; The Bank of America, vanguard group, Wells Fargo and General Electric.

Most state penitentiaries inmates receive wages for their work. They get as little as 17 cents per hour in private-run prisons. CCA in Tennessee is the highest paying and give their prisoner 50 cents per hour.

With the cheap prison labor, it is not a surprise to see major companies investing heavily in them.

Is Facebook Spying on it’s users?

Recently, facebook citizens around the globe heard a news that traumatized us all. It happened when a Cambridge Analytica whistleblower blamed the famous social media website for spying on its citizens, in order to know their personal privileges and other personal data.

It was said that the widely used social media app benefits through this spying by achieving enhanced efficiency in their advertising roles. If a website knew what a person talks about, most frequently, thy will better be able to identify

which advertisements are to be shown to that specific person.

To cut the long story short, the blame was that facebook uses people’s mobile phones to spy on them at home or at work. It was further added that Facebook uses the microphone on mobile phones to help tailor the adverts that people might be interested in.

Accusations were also made in front of the Commons Committee that Facebook is able to differentiate if someone is out in a crowd of people, in the office or at home.

Proofs and Suspicions

Substance was added to these allegations, when one person claimed that he had never had wine in his entire life. Yet, a friend mentioned to him some wine delivery service while having a random conversation, and he saw a wine advertisement the next day on his facebook newsfeed while surfing through the famous social media app.

Another person stood up to claim that he has no friends added in his facebook account and has liked mere 5 pages. But still, this website manages to show him suggestions to add friends that are from his
school, particularly mentioning a fellow journalist, and a brother on an ex.

Although this information might not seem enough to put such massive accusations on a renowned social media website. Nevertheless, we cannot deny that these examples do foretell an alarming
situation that might be awaiting all users at Facebook.

The Reaction given by Authorities

Although, facebook issued another denial recently, claiming that it is ust not true’ that it eavesdrops on its users to target them with advertisements. The official statement also included that facebook has o plans’ to listen to your private conversations. Now, that does calm the situation. Or not. Saying something, and meaning something are two different things.

It is not that one should completely rule out the fact that the popular social media website, loved by many over the span of years, might be innocent. But, what is weird about all this is facebook’s undeniably creepy ability to know what we are looking for, or show the exact same thing we talked about a day earlier. One must say, just like these social media websites have managed to entertain us over the years, they have also managed to scare us quite a bit! To maintain one’s privacy and to ensure safety, it is evident now that we should consider minimizing the use of these websites, and head towards a much more secure lifestyle.

As for now, we are confused between two options. The first one being to update our own belief systems and think of all the above mentioned happenings as a mere o-incidence’, or to turn our belief systems to another thing that we know deep down is possible: spying.

Road to Infamy: Famous Athletes & Jail House Blues Standard

Dead at 27, but for Aaron Hernandez, NE Patriots’ popular tight end, his road to infamy did not begin when he was arrested and later on convicted for the murder of Odin Lloyd. It began with bar brawls and illegal possession of firearms even as young as 17 years old.

On his way to superstardom, the young and good-looking Hernandez was a hero to patriot fans with his intensity. He had just received the biggest signing bonus for a tight end in NFL history when he
reached a crisis point. Hernandez was charged in a double homicide of two men in Boston. While undergoing trial, he would be charged once again in a shooting. His violent past caught him in its
vicious jaws when Hernandez was charged and convicted in the 2013 murder of his fiancee’s sister’s boyfriend, Odin Lloyd.

Later acquitted in the Boston murders but it was too late for Hernandez whose career was left in the smouldering ruins of his violence. On April 19, 2017, he committed suicide leaving a ghastly and eerie crime scene. Months later, he would be diagnosed with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) which has caused numerous violent behavior on its sufferers.

Thomas Robert Payne of the Atlanta Hawks was one of the most promising NBA stars of the 1970s when he single-handedly destroyed not only his own life but that of several women after being charged
and convicted of several violent rapes. Convicted in 1972 and released on parole in 1983, he tried to make several comebacks in basketball, boxing and acting. In 1986, he was caught in the act of rape. He is now serving 15 years of additional prison time for violating his parole.

Michael Vick of the Atlanta Falcons was all set to become a luminous star NFL quarterback holding record for the career rushing yards for a QB and the most rushing yards in a season. But he himself
derailed the speed of his fast track career when he was convicted of illegal dog fighting and being part of an illegal gambling ring. He was sentenced by a federal court to a 21-month stint in prison. By then he had become so notorious that the Falcons released him from his contract. In August last year, Vicks was hired by Fox Sports to be a sports commentator.

Two years after a respectable rookie debut, Rae Carruth of the Carolina Panthers, would get involved in the shooting and death of a heavily-pregnant woman he was then dating, Cherica Adams. First, it
was thought to be an altercation between a nightclub manager and the NFL wide receiver. Later, a disreputable truth came out. Carruth has hired the gunman to shoot his girlfriend because Adams refused to abort the unborn child. Adams soon became comatose as doctors tried to save the baby. Two days to the month after she was shot, Adams would die and the child suffered permanent brain
damage after a difficult childbirth. Carruth would later be convicted of conspiracy to commit murder while the second-degree murder charge was dropped.

In the 2000s, Clifford Etienne was American boxing Most Exciting Boxer to watch. By 2005, he would be going on a crime spree in Louisiana. A few months before, Mike Tyson defeated him soundly and
the Etienne could not seem to recover from the battering. He was charged and convicted of armed robbery, kidnapping, and attempted murder of an officer of law. IIn 2013, his 160-year prison sentence would be reduced to 105 and Etienne has embarked on a new career in prison, artwork painter.

Denmark, the country with the best judicial and justice system in the world

When looking at the judicial systems in the world, it is a common misconception that the United states is an automatic leader as it is the super power. Thus is not always the case, as even in comparison with other countries it is not even in top 10. Denmark, a country of relative calm takes the mantel of having the best judicial and justice system and when coupled with its unique rehabilitation program it makes it a world leader.

Factors that lead to Denmark being considered the best

In ranking different countries, the same marking procedure cannot be used as a yardstick as different countries have different sets of rule of law in which the govern. To classify effectives, citizens perception comes into play with three main features are taken into account. This include

• Smooth transition of power in the government

• Swift and corruption free delivery of services and

• Willingness and openness of the government to listen and offer solutions to specific complaints

This three elements largely give an overview of the amount of faith people have in their judicial system.

Reforms to the judicial system

To ensure they keep at par and continue meeting the country’s need, Denmark has made it a point to make changes to its judicial system. Since the 1950, more reforms have been made than any other country in the world and they have added specific aspects to its legal system that includes changing the complete makeup periodically. This has also come in the form of additional judicial and legislative branches. In a nutshell this translates to more courts to meet the current needs of the people. Various elements have also been added that in all raises its judicial efficient level includes inclusion of review boards and special courts to deal with unique judicial issues that arise. In all this has led to the justice system being viewed as accessible, affordable and devoid of discrimination and hence translates to a sound and fair judicial system in the world.

Rehabilitation system

The prison rehabilitation system has also been highlighted as most noteworthy in the world, often mentioned as extremely luxurious for a prison system. This is largely due to the policy they implement that is based on treating prisoners with utmost respect, mimicking how they will leave outside and hence ensuring that they also react in a humane manner. Unlike other prison systems in the world, prisoners in Bastoy prison in Denmark live in community like system called pods. In this pods, prisoners have access to television and computers with shower and sanitation system marked as a priority.

In addition to the luxuries, more freedom is awarded to prisoners who are offered, skill training and earning opportunities. Responsibilities are however added as only one meal a day is provided and they are supposed to fend for themselves as they are given an opportunity to earn up to £6 a day that they use to make their breakfast and evening meals. The work they do includes tending to sheep, cow , chicken , farm or work at the timber or bicycle shop with many given the opportunity to own bicycles.

Does it work

With all the luxuries awarded to them, its common to conclude that most would want to reoffend and thus be sent back to prison. Shockingly the reoffending rate is the lowest in Europe standing at a rate of 16%. Denmark as a whole has a reoffending percentage of 30%, half the average of UK. The main clinical psychologist behind this policy system lauds its success on its objective of treating the prisoners as humans and thus nurture a sense of responsibility. With this its no wonder Denmark has the best judicial and justice e system in the world.

How Robotics and Automation Is Changing The World

For the past several hundred years, workers have been worried about the possibility for computers and technology to take their jobs. The thinking has always been that if a machine worked a job that a person otherwise would work, that person would lose their job and become destitute. But this was often only half of the story. Far from being a constant job killer, new technology and automation often helped lead to a greater level of economic growth than was previously thought possible.

Automation began to affect jobs negatively in the early years of the Industrial Revolution. Most famously, the Luddites believed that new looms would destroy their jobs make clothing and textiles by hand. This was indeed true, but the new looms and textile machines also created numerous opportunities. New factories employed many thousands more people than the earlier hand-made, home-based clothing crafts. People had to be hired to work on machines and market products that the machines made. Factories also allowed a cash economy to flourish which allowed millions to buy the products made by machines, while the earlier Luddite clothes could only be bought by the handful of people that the Luddites came into contact with.

The process of industrial growth and expansion occurred everywhere that factories came to. People believed that they would lose their jobs, but then flourished in the influx of cash and jobs caused by the new automation. The same was true throughout the 20th century as robots stepped in to replace automobile jobs. Instead of being trained simply to pull levers or push buttons, workers in auto plants were now trained on the intricacies of robotics. This new training meant that they would be equipped for multiple jobs that would end up paying more in the future than their earlier jobs before automation.

Now, there is a boom of these new automated jobs in the form of service jobs on the internet, including jobs in forums like Youtube or TaskRabbit. Many people can use new skills and different skills than they used before this period of automation. People are given the license to be more creative, and anyone has the chance to go “viral” and become an internationally known millionaire overnight.

There will have to be preparation for this economy after a greater expansion of automation. Skills such as creativity, emotional intelligence, and technological know-how will be incredibly important. Employees will be selected more based on their ability to convey their ideas and work a computer. But if they master these skills, people will be able to make money and gain exposure like never before.

Just like the Luddites, many people today are worried about the role automation will play in the jobs of the future. Those who are worried should take a step back and look at the millions of jobs that automation has created over the past three centuries, and the ways in which automation has aided many people that the practice has touched. Then, perhaps people will start to see that they should adapt to the growing economy and discover ways to make money using its newfound opportunities, instead of always worrying about the possibility of change.

Law and Ethics In A Developing Age Of Artificial Intelligence And Robotics

Humans leveraged on automation to increase productivity and intensify the value of humanity causing the efficient and immediate progress. However, future developments, like the introduction of artificial intelligence and robotics, accelerates the process several times over. Such evolution raised concerns from different sectors of the society, even those who had been made known for the innovations that they introduced to the world. As such, Elon Musk, the man behind SpaceX and is well-known for his futuristic mindset, called AI “a fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization.” He is even reported to have started his campaign to stop this potential AI apocalypse.

Many may have doubts seeing robots displacing human labor. As of this writing, however, there are companies that have been working to do just that. For instance, a Taiwanese company called Foxconn, the largest contract manufacturer in the world, has about 10,000 robots called Foxbots installed and had them doing the job which human employees are supposed to do since 2011. It was also relayed that the company is planning to replace 1,000,000 of its workers with robots. The same thing is not impossible to happen to this Florida-based company like AccuPlace. This video shows how machines have already replaced human labor.

With the introduction of robotic machines with AI capabilities, the traditional way of life is totally modified. This innovation with highly automated and autonomous behaviors has raised vital normative questions of law, regulation, as well as ethics of such machinery in its interactions with humans and the dominant world. Today you see automated cars, robot machines (such as industrial machines), healthcare robots, and other similar innovations, including the human cloud which allows freelancers to work without being restricted by time and physical boundaries, to replace what we use to call the second and third industrial revolutions.

Mixing these changes with ever changing economic and demographic pressures add to the global flow of trade, making the effect of robotics even more far reaching.Wherever there is work to be done– in the home, office, hospitals, supermarkets, and so on.

These innovations present a lot of benefits to mankind, but they may also bring with them negative impacts. For one, can they be made liable for accidents, product outputs (when it comes to design issues)? How about insurance? To whom will they be liable to if ever they will be?

Russian born American author and biochemist Dr. Isaac Asimov defined The Three Laws Of Robotics in his science fiction short story in 1942 called Run Around:

What if one of these innovations break one of this law, either by accident or after another human requested or committed the accident with the assistance of the machine? Who will be liable for the action? Is there a law that will determine who is responsible for what a robot has done?

As such, the creation of a new law that will address the concerns of this robotics and AIs need to be established. It has to include rules, codes, and standards that will answer both legal and ethical questions relating to the conduct of the Robotics and AIs in question.

What are your thoughts on this?

Is the US goverment straying from the consititution?

The constitution is without a doubt a remarkable piece of legislation, which was eons ahead of its time. But regardless of its remarkability and longevity, there are scores of important areas and factors that the US constitution fails for account for.

In a modern world, where internet is being actively used as a medium for war, terrorism and even economic terrorism, the US constitution has no particular say over how, if at all, the internet should be regulated in order to protect the country’s interests while at the same time not violating American citizen’s first amendment rights. US government’s actions to conduct surveillance on its citizens, which were recently exposed by a whistle-blower, raised concerns about how far has the government has become from the core directions of the constitution.

The constitution is supposed to the source from which the federal government of United States derives the authority to take actions in order to protect and safeguard the country. But when the US government neglects basic instructions of the constitution and violates the civil liberties, one is compelled to ask the question that where does the US government derive the sweeping authority that it now commands? It is no secret that lately the United States Government has been working or rather following the whims of those who hold power, or the ones who hold the strings of those who are in power i.e. the corporate lobbyist owned by the companies that are supposedly “too big to fail”.

It is not that there is a lack of US laws or regulatory bodies that are equipped to handle with threats to the national and internal security, but the problem is: there are too many Acts and bodies which extend their power over the cyberspace. Too many cooks spoil the broth, and that is what has happened. The lack of one clear policy about cyber threats has led to confusion and more than often has forced the government to stray from the constitution in order to stay ahead of all threats. If a constitution amendment regarding cyberspace were to be passed, that would solve all confusion and also provide the government to act without violating the civil liberties protected by the first amendment.

It seems like a daunting task but adding specific amendments that deal with cybercrime and terrorism to the constitution is a more graceful way for the US government to conduct its business rather than straying away from the constitution. This will not only provide the US government with constitutional authority to take actions to curb terrorism and cybercrime but also decrease the influence of cooperate lobbyists. Because as long as the government derives its authority from the constitution alone, no other body can influence it to its own advantage.

Not only that, such amendments will help the US government regain trust of the American people that was lost after the revelations made by an ex-NSA contractor that the US govt. was conducting surveillance on its own citizens. Actions taken in public, with constitutional backing will assure that the US government operates within the authority bestowed upon it by the constitution, and will also earn the government the trust and respect of the common Americans.

Surprising United States Employment Statistics In 2017

According to report released by BLS on 7/04/2017 from the bureau of labor statistics, current trends in employment continue to increase in certain sectors while it decreases in other. In March for example, employment in all non farm jobs recorded an increase by 98000 while it drastically dropped by 38000 in January and February. Average hourly earnings went up by 2.7% but with an average of 34.3 in the month of March. Below are the highlights in every sector.

Mining and logging

Mining and support services had been low in employment since October 2016 but in 2016 it recorded an increase of 20,000 in march and 35000 more since January. The increase in population is favored by increase in domestic oil rig counts.

Construction

Employment in the construction industry has been rising steadily with a huge increase in employment on February by 59000. In average, all months this year has been recording an increase of 33000 as compared to the 20,000 that was the last 4 months of 2016.

Manufacturing

Manufacturing industry also recorded an increase too, same and hand in hand with construction industry. It recorded an average increase of 17000 per month with March posting 11,000 jobs. There has been an increase of 67,000 jobs created since November 2016.

Wholesale trade

General wholesale stores lost about 35000 jobs in March thus affecting employment. It has since declined by 89000 since October 2016. However, if analysis was done from Jan 2016, the industry will illustrate an increase of 46,000 jobs only.

Transportation, warehousing and utilities

The transport and warehousing industry seems unchanged this year with a mere increase of jobs by 4000 in March. The overall increase in employment however for the last 12 months has risen up by 1.8%. Employment utilities decrease by 1000.

Information

In the month of March, employment in this sector dropped by 3000. That is not all. People have been losing their employment since September totaling 39,000. Of the large contributing department in this sector is telecommunication department that resulted in 63% of the jobs lost.

Financial activities

Employment in this sector continued to scale up by 9000 over the months by maintaining an average of 15000 increases per month. So far, it has created over 45000 jobs due to a swell in finance and insurance activities.

Professional and business services

Architectural and engineering services tops in this industry by adding 7000 more jobs this year as compared to the 2000 it did in 2016. March leads in increase in employment with 22000 jobs created. This first quarter alone, this sector has created 151,000 jobs compared to 137,000 it posted in the last quarter of 2016. Services related to buildings led to increase of 17,000 jobs, administrative and waste services gave 33,000 jobs. Help services jobs was not left behind as it also increased by 11000

Private education and health services

Healthcare industry has added 20000 more jobs per month due to an increase of job creation by 9000 and 6000 in- inpatient and outpatient respectively.

“While the increase in employment is promising, we’re still seeing a ton of disputes between unions and companies, and individual employees who are being wrongfully dismissed, and thus the need for Employment Lawyers has grown substantially.” – says Brian of Hummingbird Lawyers LLP

Leisure and hospitality

Compared with last year 2016 where this sector was creating 23,000 jobs per month, it is posting an average of 20,000 per month this year. This records a drop of 3000 jobs that has been lost mainly by the entertainment and recreation industry.

Other services

This recorded flat results of 1000 increase in jobs every month all the year 2016. The trend is continued in 2017.

Government

This is another sector that is recording a flat of 2000 increase with a slight change in March where it increased jobs by 9,000.

All above information are current and directly sourced from US Bureau of labor statistics.

Employment Law Case : Y Aslam, J Farrar & Others Vs. Uber London Ltd

The Employment Tribunal Case of Y Aslam, J Farrar & Others Vs. Uber London Ltd. (Employment Tribunal Case No. 2202550/15) dealing with the Employment Rights Act 1996 has been the most popular and most followed cases in the past year 2016. This case has gained a lot of attention and publicity during the trials.

This case was put forward to the Employment Tribunal on 19 July 2016 by Mr. Y Aslam and J. Farrar for the failure to pay the minimum wage under the National Minimum Wage Act 1998 and failure to provide paid leave associated with the Working Time Regulations 1998. Following the filing of this case by the Uber drivers, they have complained about the ill treatment by the company as well.

Uber informed the tribunal that as per company’s contractual rules and regulations, they employ the drivers on contractual terms. Hence, they are termed as the self-employed contractors instead of employees. Uber argued with the Tribunal that Uber operates its services through its Uber application and facilitates a swift and easy arrangement to its customers.

Having heard the arguments and the facts put forward by both, the claimants and Uber, Tribunal acknowledged the fact that it is Uber that runs the transportation business and employs drivers for the service to their customers. On the other hand, Mr. Aslam and other claimants do not offer such services. All the proceedings are carried out in the name of Uber and not in the name of drivers. The passengers are introduced by Uber to the drivers. The drivers do not have the right to negotiate the fare charges with the passengers. Instead, they are offered trips and accept the fare charges strictly on Uber’s terms. Moreover, the drivers work on the times decided by Uber and not themselves. The drivers provide their expert skills to Uber; which in turn delivers its services to passengers to make profits.

The Employment Tribunal reviewed the authenticity of the liaison between Uber and drivers and identified the following feature while imparting their decision on the matter.

1) It is the sole discretion of Uber to retain, accept or decline passenger bookings;

2) Uber interviews and recruits its drivers;

3) Uber controls key passenger information and does not disclose the same with its drivers;

4) Uber requires drivers to accept and not to cancel trips – it enforces this by ‘logging off’ drivers who breach these requirements;

5) Uber defines the default route for each trip and it is imperative for the driver to follow the same

6) Uber sets the fare and drivers do not have the rights to negotiate the fare with the passenger;

7) Uber imposes various conditions on drivers (including restrictions to their vehicle choice), instructs drivers as to how to undertake their work and controls the performance of their duties;

8) Uber subjects its drivers to a rating system in what substantially amounts to a performance management/disciplinary procedure;

9) Uber determines rebates to passengers, at times without first consulting the driver, despite the fact it may have a financial impact upon them

10) The guaranteed earnings schemes introduced by Uber now stands discontinued

11) Uber accepts the risk of loss to which its drivers would be liable if they were genuinely self-employed, an example of this would be in the case of fraud;

12) Uber handles passenger complaints, including complaints made against the driver; and

13) Uber reserves the capacity to unilaterally alter its drivers’ terms

Finally, on 28 October 2016, the Employment Tribunal in London (“Tribunal”) ruled that Mr. Aslam and Mr. J. Farrarr would now become ‘workers’ according to their engagement with Uber under the Employment Rights Act 1996 (“Act”), as against to being self-employed drivers, regardless of their contracts.